1970 TECHNICAL DESIGN OF WWER-440 (V-213) REACTOR PLANT WAS DEVELOPED
In 1970, OKB GIDROPRESS developed a technical design for WWER-440 (V-213) reactor plant for Loviisa NPP in Finland.
WWER-440 reactor plant (V-213)
1971 OKB "GIDROPRESS" WAS APPOINTED THE HEAD DESIGN ORGANIZATION FOR WWER REACTOR PLANTS
OKB GIDROPRESS was appointed the Head Design Organization for WWER Reactor Plants by Government Decree on September 16, 1971. Earthquake-resistant designs of WWER reactor plants for nuclear power plants were developed for the first time ever in this country and abroad. Original solutions were made for emergency reactor core cooling systems, for securing of equipment and pipelines against seismic impacts, as well as dynamic loads at ruptures of DN 500 and DN 850 pipelines.
Minister E.P. Slavsky approved the WWER-1000 (V-187) technical design for Novovoronezh NPP Unit 5 as the head reactor plant in April 1971. New grades of steel for the reactor plant equipment were used in the design. 1970-1971 - Tests and commissioning work on BN-350 intermediate heat exchanger equipment, as well as major work on the WWER-1000 reactor began. OKB GIDROPRESS developed a technical design for reactors with cavity volume equipment and steam generators for Armenian NPP in 1972. The design was based on V-230 reactor and steam generators, taking into account the progressive solutions of V-213.
1973 START-UP OF KOLA NPP, UNIT 1 (V-213)
Kola Nuclear Power Plant
On June 29, 1973, Unit 1 of Kola NPP was put into operation, where the WWER-440 (V-230) reactor design was implemented for the first time. This design was based on V-179 design and was part of the nuclear power plants being built in the country (Kola NPP, Units 1 and 2).
Start-up of Unit 1 of Kola NPP
V-230 reactor plant of Kola NPP, Unit 1, was the head one in a series of 12 sets, so it was tested in accordance with an expanded program at the start-up stage. Special attention was paid to the procedures of equipment incoming quality inspection before and during installation. The experience in carrying out incoming inspection of the head model of reactor plant V-230 was used at all subsequent WWER reactor plants.
Kola NPP, Unit 1
1974 START UP OF UNIT 1 OF NORD NPP (GDR). START UP OF UNIT 1 OF KOZLODUY NPP (BULGARIA)
WWER-440 (V-230) reactor design was based on V-179 design and was part of nuclear power plants being built abroad. In East Germany - the first four Units of Nord NPP, in Bulgaria - four Units of Kozloduy NPP.
1974 COOPERATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE USSR AND CZECHOSLOVAKIA WAS SIGNED
On March 13, 1974, an agreement was signed between the Governments of the USSR and Czechoslovakia on cooperation in the production of equipment for nuclear power plants. The Soviet side handed over to the Czechoslovak side technical documentation, including documentation on WWER-440 CPS drives, provided qualified assistance by Soviet specialists, which allowed Czechoslovakia to master the production of V-213 ARK drives by the beginning of the 80s and to ensure their delivery to PAKS NPP (Units 1-4), Bogunice V-2 NPP (Units 1, 2), Dukovany NPP (Units 1-4) during 1981-1997; to Mokhovce NPP (Units 1, 2) in 1997-98.
1974 NPP AND REACTOR PLANT V-213 DESIGNS FOR THE SERIES OF NPP WITH WWER-440, BEING BUILT IN THIS COUNTRY AND ABROAD, WERE DEVELOPED AND APPROVED
NPP and V-213 reactor plant designs for the series of NPP with WWER-440, being built in this country and abroad, were developed and approved on the basis of WWER-440 (V-213) reactor plant design in 1974.
1975 START-UP OF BN-350 PLANT. WWER-1000 REACTOR PLANT DESIGNS WERE DEVELOPED
In 1975, BN-350 reactor plant with rated power was launched for power generation and sea water desalination. The design of the reactor and radiation protection of BN-350 facility was developed by OKBM named after Afrikantov; the design of the steam generator and the intermediate heat exchanger was developed by OKB Gidropress, which also carried out bench tests. The equipment for the facility was manufactured at Ordzhonikidze Podolsk Engineering Plant. After working for almost 25 years (with the design life of 20 years) the reactor was shut down in March 1998.
BN-350 reactor plant
During 1966-1975, WWER-1000 reactor plants (V-187, V-302, V-338, V-320) were designed according to domestic safety standards, taking into account international recommendations (IAEA). In 1975, the development of operational and commissioning documentation for steam generating plant BMP-40/A was completed. The start-up and commissioning of the main steam generating plant (product "120" for nuclear submarine No. 105) was carried out according to the Designer’s (OKB «GIDROPRESS») documentation.
1976 LAUNCHING OF 705K SUBMARINE WITH THE FIRST STEAM GENERATING PLANT BM-40/A
In April 1976, the nuclear submarine of the “705k” design with the first steam generating plant BMP-40/A was launched.
Nuclear submarine of 705k design
1976 START-UP OF ARMENIAN NPP, UNIT 1
Armenian NPP is the first one constructed in a seismic area with seismicity of the construction site of 8 as per MSK scale (safe shutdown earthquake is 9). The problem of ensuring reliable operability of the V-270 reactor was solved at Armenian NPP design due to the measures on fastening equipment and pipelines. The reactor's performance at safe shutdown earthquakes with magnitude of 9 was achieved by strengthening of the highly stressed units and introducing additional fastening.
1977 START-UP OF LOVIIZA NPP, UNIT 1 (FINLAND)
On November 30, 1977, the first Unit of the Loviisa NPP with the V-213 reactor plant successfully passed commissioning tests, physical and power start-ups and was included in the Finnish electrical grid.
1978 START-UP OF BOGUNICE NPP, UNIT 1 (SLOVAKIA)
WWER-440 (V-230) reactor plant was designed on the basis of the V-179 design and was part of nuclear plants built abroad - Bohunice NPP, Units 1 and 2 (Czechoslovakia).
1979 OKB "GIDROPRESS" TRADEMARK WAS REGISTERED
Trademark of OKB "GIDROPRESS"